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6 Causes And Treatment Methods For Nosebleed


By Greg Garner

The nose protrudes on the face; hence it is vulnerable to injuries. Trauma to the face can cause nasal injury and bleeding. Bleed may be a minor complication and it may stop after a few minutes. It is more common in kids aged between 3 and 10. Keeping the child upright in a chair and tilting his/her head forward are often enough to stop nose bleed. However, if you or your loved one experiences bleed frequently or the bleeding is heavy, you need to seek the help of your doctor and get proper treatment.

Common causes and treatment methods for nosebleed

1. Infection

An infection in the lining of the nose or sinus problem may cause nose bleeds. If you get nose bleeds due to sinus infection, you can treat it many ways. Drying of the sinuses is the main reason for bleeding. Decongestants and sinus related medications you use can cause this dryness. Hence, it is important to take enough fluids. This helps your body to keep the sinus moist. It also helps to reduce or eliminate sinus infection. Steam inhalation can also help reduce the drying effects. However, if nosebleed persists even taking these measures, you need to consult your doctor.

2. Allergy

Allergic reactions that cause sneezing may also be the cause of nosebleed. Allergies can cause nasal swelling, which increases the chance of capillaries bursting. Allergy medications may dry the nasal passages, causing bleeding. This type of nosebleed is more common in children than adults. Relaxing the child and applying little bit pressure over the area between upper lip and gum can help stop bleeding. If the bleeding lasts for several minutes, you need to seek the help of a professional.

3. Hypertension

Hypertension refers to elevated blood pressure. Nosebleed may be a symptom of severe and dangerous form of hypertension. The older patients are more susceptible to get serious nose bleeding. Arteries and blood vessels lose their strength and flexibility with age. High blood pressure causes many serious conditions like atherosclerosis that damages arteries. These factors impede the way the artery functions, causing rupture. This in turn leads to nosebleed. Controlling your blood pressure is the only way to stop nose bleed in such cases.

4. Alcohol Abuse

Heavy alcohol use can cause bleeds. Alcohol dilates the blood vessels and hampers the activity of platelets that are responsible for blood clotting. Snorting cocaine can also cause bleeding from nose, as it damages the lining of the nose. Stopping alcohol consumption is the most effective way to get relief from bleeds.

5. Blood Thinning Medications

Blood thinning medications like aspirin can cause bleeding. Blood thinners are often recommended to patients to reduce the risk of developing heart attack, stroke and arterial blockage. Nose bleeding is a common occurrence, while taking these medications, but can be serious, if proper treatment is not given. You can apply pressure or ice packs to stop bleeding. If bleeding persists, you need to get the help of your physician.

6. Trauma

Nose bleed is often a result of trauma. Direct injury to nose, nose picking and injury to the area between two nasal passages can cause bleeding. More often, it stops without any professional treatment.

In some cases, nose bleed can be a symptom of a serious condition like leukemia and blood clotting abnormality. If the bleeding is serious and does not stop after a few minutes, you should see your doctor.

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Article Source: http://EzineArticles.com/?expert=Greg_Garner


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